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Methods

Examples


Air Monitoring

  • Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Monitoring

Example:
 
Semple et al. Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish pubs: the effect of smoke-free legislation. Tob Control. 2007 Apr;16(2):127-32

  • Air Nicotine Monitoring

Example:
Navas-Acien et. al. Secondhand tobacco smoke in public places in Latin America, 2002-2003. JAMA. 2004;291:2741-2745.


Biomonitoring

  • Saliva Biomonitoring

Example:
 
Fendando et al. Legislation reduces exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke in New Zealand bars by about 90%. Tob Control. 2007 Aug;16(4):235-8.

  • Hair Biomonitoring

Examples:
Fidan et al. Turkish coffeehouse kahvehane is an important tobacco smoke area in Turkey. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2005 Aug 27;68(16):1371-7

Wipfli et. al. Secondhand smoke exposure among women and children: Evidence from 31 countries. Am J Public Health. 2008 Apr;98(4):672-9. Epub 2008 Feb 28

 

This project is funded by the Bloomberg Initiative to Reduce Tobacco Use and the Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute (FAMRI), developed in consultation with Roswell Park Cancer Institute and the University of Southern California, Institute for Global Health.