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Observational Monitoring

Observational monitoring, such as visual inspection of an environment (e.g., surveying rooms for the posting of “No Smoking” signs, or counting the number of smokers present) is a relatively simple and inexpensive method of monitoring. In addition:

  • This method can be implemented, conducted and analyzed rapidly providing nearly instantaneous results.
  • It is an easy tool to provide a snapshot of an environment at a specific point in time and can be repeated often. To improve quality of data collection, it is important that a standardized protocol be implemented.

The information gathered with observational data collection complements the other methods used to monitor SHS exposure and is often used simultaneously.


This project is funded by the Bloomberg Initiative to Reduce Tobacco Use and the Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute (FAMRI), developed in consultation with Roswell Park Cancer Institute and the University of Southern California, Institute for Global Health.